Welcome to the city of Gloucester

Welcome to Gloucester, a cathedral city located on the River Severn and fantastically situated between the beautiful areas of the Cotswolds and Forest of Dean. The most inland port in the UK, Gloucester has a proud industrial past, intertwined with a rich history that dates back to Roman times. Combine this with an ever-changing and developing city, and Gloucester offers the perfect mix of old and new.

No matter what your interests are, you’ll find that there are plenty of things to do in Gloucester. Take advantage of the discounts in the Gloucester Quays designer outlet, or explore Gloucester’s many independent shops. Cheer on the Cherry and Whites at Kingsholm Stadium, the home of Gloucester Rugby. Explore the breath-taking Gloucester Cathedral. Delve into Gloucester’s history at the Museum of Gloucester or the National Waterways Museum. Enjoy live music at Gloucester Guildhall. There really is something for everyone.

Alongside the urban experience that Gloucester city centre provides, the area also offers the chance to escape into nature. Enjoy stunning waterfront views in Gloucester Docks, or visit one of Gloucester’s many green spaces, including Robinswood Hill Country Park, and Barnwood Arboretum. Gloucester is also perfectly situated as a base for exploring the spectacular Cotswolds countryside.

History of Gloucester

Gloucester is a cathedral city and the county town of Gloucestershire in the South West of England. Gloucester lies on the River Severn, between the Cotswolds to the east and the Forest of Dean to the west, 19 miles (31 km) east of Monmouth, and 17 miles (27 km) east of the border with Wales. Including suburban areas, Gloucester has a population of around 150,000. It is a port, linked via the Gloucester and Sharpness Canal to the Severn Estuary.

Gloucester was founded by the Romans and became an important city and colony in AD 97 under Emperor Nerva as Colonia Glevum Nervensis.

It was granted its first charter in 1155 by Henry II. In 1216 Henry III, aged only nine years, was crowned with a gilded iron ring in the Chapter House of Gloucester Cathedral. Gloucester's significance in the Middle Ages is underlined by the fact that it had a number of monastic establishments, including St Peter's Abbey founded in 679 (later Gloucester Cathedral), the nearby St Oswald's Priory, Gloucester founded in the 880s or 890s, and Llanthony Secunda Priory, founded 1136. The town is also the site of the siege of Gloucester in 1643, during which the city held out against Royalist forces in the First English Civil War.

A major attraction of the city is Gloucester Cathedral, which is the burial place of King Edward II and Walter de Lacy, and features in scenes from the Harry Potter films. Other features of interest include the museum and school of art and science, the former county jail (on the site of a Saxon and Norman castle), the Shire Hall (now headquarters of the County Council) and the Whitefield memorial church. A park in the south of the city contains a spa, a chalybeate spring having been discovered in 1814.

Economically, the city is dominated by the service industries, and has strong financial, research, distribution and light industrial sectors. Historically it was prominent in the aerospace industry.

In 1926 the Gloucestershire Aircraft Company at Brockworth changed its name to the Gloster Aircraft Company because international customers claimed that the name "Gloucestershire" was too difficult to spell. A sculpture in the city centre celebrates Gloucester's aviation history and its involvement in the jet engine.



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